In the dense forests of region now covered by the Baltic Sea, millions of years ago, these resin-bearing trees fell and were carried by rivers to coastal regions of Lithuania, western Russia and Poland. Trees and sticky clutches of conifer resins became covered with sediment, and over the years the sap resin evolved to a stable state, hardened into clear lumps. Although many amber deposits remain in ocean and ground residue, genuine Baltic amber can be found today.
35 and 50 million years ago climate change made conifer trees to exude big amounts of resin in regions covered by the Baltic Sea. Natural resin oozed its way out of a tree and eventually fossilized, hardened into clear lumps. Nowadays amber is extracted from ground or collected when it is washed up onshore, main area where most amber is found is Lithuania and countries near by.
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